Movement is an important aspect in human life. This could be as a result of exhaustion, the need for a walk, taking a different position for the case of security personnel or during competitions for the runners. In a normal condition, the legs must support the body to facilitate movement. This requires the help of the knee.
This is the structure that supports the whole body weight and facilitates movement by acting as a pivot. Due to these conditions, the knee is exposed to many factors that may cause it to develop complications. Patella tendonitis is one of these conditions. It is characterized by pain on the knee mostly the lower patellar region.
Understanding the human knee
The knee seems a simple joint, but it’s a complex structure which the medical sector has laid more emphasis on its study. It consists of a joint composed of an articulation between four bones named Femur, Tibia, Fibular and Patella.
Next is a compartment consisting of the medial and lateral tibiofemoral compartments formed as a result of joining the inferior part of the femur to the superior part of the tibia. These are mostly used for walking on flat terrain.
The other two are the superior tibiofibular joint and the patella femoral compartment composed the front part of the femur and the kneecap. This part of the joint is used for activities such as walking on roughed terrain, walking up the stairs, kneeling and other strenuous activities such as running. Connecting these regions are tendons, cartilages and ligaments.
Causes of the pain
The knee pain, (especially among athletes) could result from:
A raptured Ligament / a torn cartilage: While one is walking or running, the knee may get injured rupturing the ligaments or even tearing a cartilage. In such cases, the patellar tendonitis condition is very severe.
Referred pain: This is pain originating from other body parts such as the back or thigh.
Mal alignment of the knee cap: In the course of walking or running, one may accidentally trip over and in the process dislocate the knee. This is a cause of great pain on the knee.
Weakened or unbalanced thigh muscles: Both factors cause a strain on the knee. Weak muscles fail to support the body whereas unbalanced muscles exert varied weight on different knees. The resulting knee condition is patellar tendonitis.
Chronic knee pain treatment and precautionary measures
Warm up before exercises, lose weight for the obese, wear flat shoes, and observe safety when walking. For instance, some people are fond of walking on rugged places.
Patellar tendonitis can also be characterized by knee swell, red and warm knee, a clicking knee sound. If one develops any such a condition, seek medical advice immediately.